Module Code Number

VDS 625

Number of ECTS Credits


Hours / Week (T P C)

1 0 1

Module Lecturer

All of teacher at the department

Year / Term


Type of Course

(Compulsory / Elective)


Pre requisites / Recommended


Module Contents

It contains the normal and abnormal structure of spermatozoon, seminal plasma and its mineral substances, buffer substances, energy substrates, other organic components; energy metabolism of sperm and factors affecting the metabolism rate (heat, pH, osmotic pressure, hormones, gases, light and antimicrobial substances).

Aims and Objectives of the module

To train expert member and academic personnel who know the morphological structure of sperm, seminal plasma and its elements, energy metabolism of spermatozoa and affecting factors, and to contribute to the animal production by transporting these studies.

Method of assessment

Theoretical expression, practical application and private conversation

Teaching Language


Textbook /

Recommended readings

1-Bearden, H. J. and Fuquay, J. W. (1992).  Applied Animal Reproduction, 3rd Ed., Prentice Hall, New Jersey. U.S.A

2-Cole, H.H. and Cupps, P.T. (1977) Reproduction in Domestic Animals 3rd ed. Academic Press.

3-Hafez, E.S.E. (1993). Reproduction in Farm Animals. 6th Ed. Lea and Febiger, Philadelphia.

4-King, G.J. (1993). Reproduction in Domesticated Animals. Elsevier Science, Amsterdam.